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Book Review: An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur'aan

An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur'aan

By Abu Ammaar Yasir Qadhi; Al-Hidayah Publishing and Distribution; Birmingham, © 1999; 424 pages hardcover; ISBN 1 898649 32 4


Summary of main topics covered:

Introduction to Uloom al-Qur'aan.


Benefits of studying


The Qur'aan

Linguistic meaning

Definition of the Qur'aan and explanation.

The Qur'aan as the speech of Allaah.

The concept of the Kalaam of Allaah.

The Qur'aan as the Kalaam of Allaah.

A refutation of the Ash'arees

The Names of the Qur'aan

The Qur'aan as it describes Itself

The Sunnah as it Describes the Qur'aan

The Status of the Qur'aan

The rewards for those who recite and practice the Qur'aan

Inspiration - Al-Wahy

The Concept of Wahy

The Meaning of Wahy

The Procedure of Wahy

Without an intermediary

With an Intermediary

The Difference between Qur'aan and Hadeeth Qudsee

Gradual Revelation

The Stages of Revelation

First Stage

Second Stage

Third Stage

Quantity of Revelation

Wisdom behind the Gradual Revelation

First and Last Revelations

First Revelation

Last Revelation

Relative First and Last Verses

The Makkee and the Madanee verses

The Definition of Makkee and Madanee

The Knowledge of Makkee and Madanee Verses

The Attributes of Makkee and Madanee Revelations

Common Themes of Makkee and Madanee verses

Specific characteristics of Makkee and Madanee verses

Categories of Makkee and Madanee verses

Benefits of knowing them

Causes of Revelation - Asbaab an-Nuzool

The Definition of Asbaab an-Nuzool

Books on this subject

Derivation of Asbaab an-Nuzool

The wordings of Asbaab an-Nuzool

Multiple Asbaab an-Nuzool for One Verse

Multiple verses for one Asbaab an-Nuzool

A Person as Sabab an-Nuzool

The Rulings from these verses

The benefits of knowing Asbaab an-Nuzool

The Compilation of the Qur'aan

During the Prophet's Life

The First Compilation

The 'Uthmaanic Compilation

The Different Mus-hafs - appearance, spelling of words, script, in Print, and a Warning.

The Number of 'Uthmaanic Mus-hafs

Were these Mus-hafs the same?

What happened to the Original Mus-hafs?

The Verses of the Qur'aan

Necessity of this Knowledge

Origins of this knowledge

Number of verses

Arrangement of the verses

Number of words and letters

Basmalah as a verse

Soorahs of the Qur'aan

The arrangement of the Soorahs

Number of Soorahs

Names of the Soorahs

Classification of the Soorahs

Other Classifications

The Beginning of the Soorahs

Different categories

Disjointed letters

Ending of the Soorahs

The Ahruf of the Qur'aan

The Meaning of the word Ahruf

The number of Ahruf of the Qur'aan

What is meant by the Ahruf of the Qur'aan? Different opinions.

Are the Ahruf in existence today?

The wisdonm in the various Ahruf

The Qira'aat of the Qur'aan

The meaning of the word Qira'aat

The history of the Qira'aat

The conditions for an authentic Qira'aat

Other types of Qira'aat

Authentic Qira'aat and the Qaarees.

Qira'aat today

Relationship of the Ahruf with the Qira'aat

Benefits of the Qira'aat

Some examples of the different Qira'aat

The clear and unclear verses - al-Muhkam wa al-Mutashaabih

Definition of al-Muhkam wa al-Mutashaabih

Qur'aan as al-Muhkam wa al-Mutashaabih

Exact meaning of al-Muhkam wa al-Mutashaabih. Attributes of Allaah as Mutashaabih?

Other Categories of Mutashaabih

Haqeeqee and Majaazee. Attributes of Allaah as Majaaz?

The 'Aam and the Khaas

Mutlaq and Muqayyad

Mantooq and Mafhoom

Naasikh and Mansookh

Abrogation in the Qur'aan An-Naasikh wa al-Mansookh

Definition of Naskh - Explanation, salaf and the term Naskh, Books written on Naskh.

Proof of Naskh

Conditions for Naskh

Categories of Naskh: Sources of the Naasikh and Mansookh, the verse and ruling in the Qur'aan, the rulings of the naasikh and mansookh.

Blessings of Naskh: General and specific.

Benefits of knowing Naasikh and Mansookh.

Difference between Naskh and Takhsees

Number of Naasikh/Mansookh verses in the Qur'aan.

Miraculous Nature of the Qur'aan - I'jaaz al-Qur'aan.

Definition of I'jaaz

Proof for I'jaaz: Challenge and the order.

The Qur'aan as the Miracle of the Prophet

Types of I'jaaz

Language and style of the Qur'aan

Predictions of the Qur'aan

Stories in the Qur'aan

Beliefs and laws of the Qur'aan

Scientific facts of the Qur'aan

Effect the Qur'aan has on its listeners.

Lack of Contradictions in the Qur'aan

The ease by which the Qur'aan is memorized.

Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic

The Quantity for I'jaaz.

The Interpretation of the Qur'aan - Tafseer.

Definition of Tafseer and Ta'weel

Necessity and importance of Tafseer

The History of Tafseer

Time of the Prophet

Period of the companions

Period of the successors

Compilation of Tafseer

Principles of Tafseer

Tafseer of the Qur'aan by the Qur'aan

Tafseer by the Sunnah

Tafseer by the statement of the companions & successors

Tafseer by Arabic language and classical poetry

Tafseer by Pre-Islaamic Arab customs

Tafseer by Judeo-Christian narratives

Tafseer by subjective opinion

Qualifications of a Mufassir

Types of Tafseer: based on narrations, personal opinion, Tafseer of Jurists, Scientific Tafseer, Tafseer based on inner meanings, Modernistic Tafseers.

Some Famous Tafseers: Jaami' al-Bayaan by at-Tabaree, Tafseer al-Qur'aan al-'Adheem of Ibn Katheer, Mafaatih al-Ghayb by ar-Raazee, al-Kashaaf by az-Zamakhsharee.

Dangers of improper tafseer

Translation of the Qur'aan

Types of translation

Ruling on translations: conditions of translation, translation as the Qur'aan

History of Translation

Problems with translations & a review of some translations

The Qur'aan and Orientalists

The Authorship of the Qur'aan & theories of the Orientalists

Some books by Orientalists


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